IT Reality is one of the latest strategic trends of this era. It has to do a lot with IT and there are many many projects on which work is being done. It basically deals with the gathering and processing of information using computing. The trends on which work is being done include Cloud Computing, Software Defined Applications and Infrastructure, Web-Scale IT, Risk-Based Security and Self-protection. Let we describe the detail of each trend and technology one by one.
1. Cloud / Client Computing
All of us are somehow familiar with this name and technology, cloud computing is simply an idea of storing and accessing information over the internet. Many people would ask then what is meant by cloud? Cloud is a metaphor used for internet. This technology is emerging very swiftly and it is an estimate that cloud computing market will be over $200 Billion by 2020.
Cloud computing means storing data anywhere on the internet instead of your local computer hard drive but it does not entirely that. It also does not mean having a local area network or connecting your computer with it.
Anything that you store or access from your local computer requires a physical access to that computer and then you can perform your desired operations. In cloud computing you do not need the whole system near you rather you can access your store files using internet from any node that has internet.
Big companies and giants in this industry are also working to develop such clouds which are capable of providing enterprise level solution to businesses.
Business vs Consumer
Cloud computing affects the life of almost everyone in this world that user internet, clouds used by businesses are totally a different that and that is not a thing which is easy to manage and handle that’s why tech big 3 amazon, google and Microsoft provide such solutions to big and small businesses, they provide the backbone of clouds to the organizations which then manage them.
Consumer level cloud computing comes at another level. Some services are available for consumers i.e. One Drive, Google Drive, Dropbox, Netflix and Microsoft Azure to name a few of them.
The point is that cloud computing has different levels of complexion and comes at different usage scopes.
2. Software-Defined Applications and Infrastructure
Software Defined Infrastructure (SDI) deals with automation of different tasks which are performed by people so that they can be done with no human intervention. It is a very interesting upcoming trend and has to deal with a lot of technologies.
We live in a world that is full of busy routines, it is a natural desire of human that he want to automate almost everything that is possible and many researches are being done to achieve this goal. SDI is a small part of that.
Almost everyone interacts with computers now a days, they perform different kind of tasks at it, this is fine for small scale organizations and businesses but for huge businesses which have millions of clients it becomes very difficult to manage them with human resources. Thus SDI has to come into action.
Software Defined Infrastructures are developed such that they automate different tasks i.e sending newsletters, sending emails, track all customers and many more. They can also provide complete applications which are stored in the cloud for doing some specific tasks.
In short, SDI are a part of cloud computing but they are designed for automation of different tasks.
3. Adaptive Security Architecture
With the advancements in IT, security has become a very big issue for almost everyone who interacts with it. Either you are a consumer or a big corporation, attackers are always in found of hitting you and do some damage. They try to gather some sensitive information and use it against the world. With some severe hacking attacks on organizations, scientists started to think that how can we develop such a system which is capable of preventing, predicting, detecting and retrospective.
One of the latest concept which is being researched is to create an adaptive security architecture. It is a system which self learns using different technologies, it will have the ability to predict an attack before it is done. It will also prevent and detect the attacks.
This architecture contains four main stages of operation:-
This architecture will have the ability to prevent if any of the attacks are being done on the system, this will reduce the available surface area for attackers. It will prevent any attack before it damages the enterprise.
It should detect the attacks which have evaded the prevention step. Architecture will have the ability to detect very severe attack as the enterprise may consider that they have already been compromised and the damage is being done to them.
The system should have the ability to look back in itself for flaws that caused the previous successful attacks, it should have the ability to purpose different new security measures that would help in the prevention of such attacks again in future.
It should be able to predict any of the future attacks that can be done on it. It should learn using artificial intelligence that what are the latest techniques which are being implemented by the attackers and it should self assemble itself for the prevention of such attacks in the near future.
Impacts On Our Lives
1. Cloud Computing Made Our Lives Easier Than Ever
In previous decades when there was no cloud computing and neither existed such technology it was very difficult for us to move from one place to anther and take digital data along us. Cloud computing has made it possible to access data from anywhere anytime, there is no fear of losing data as the cloud services providers backup the data regularly so you can enjoy good services.
Imagine we have to give a presentation at somewhere else and you have to take data with you, just upload your files to the cloud and access them from the computer in the presentation room. All this is possible due to cloud computing.
2. Adaptive Security Architecture Has Made Us Secure
Although it is a concept but it has given us the feel of safe. We now feel more secure as such intelligent systems are very effective and efficient in detecting and terminating the possible threats but this does not mean that these systems are perfect. That is why researches are still being done on such topics.